Photo: © Suwin Puengsamrong,

Digital agriculture, which encompasses the use of digital technologies in farming practices, has a significant influence on the sustainability of rural areas. digital agriculture empowers farmers with information, insights, and tools to adopt sustainable practices, optimize resource use, and enhance productivity. By integrating digital technologies into agricultural systems, rural areas can achieve greater sustainability, resilience, and prosperity for farmers and their communities.

At the same time, there are several reasons why small farmers may be hesitant or afraid to apply innovative digital technologies in their agricultural practices:

  • Limited technical knowledge and skills,
  • Cost of the technologies and their affordability,
  • Lack of trust and information, or
  • Lack of technologies for the specific needs and conditions of small-scale farmers in different regions.

Addressing these concerns and barriers requires concerted efforts from various stakeholders, including governments, technology providers, and agricultural extension services.

Small farmers can also be proactive and take safe and small steps on their journey to efficient and modern farming. They can take the following steps towards the digitalization of their farms:

1. Define Your Goals and Objectives

Clearly identify the objectives and goals you want to achieve through digital farming. Whether it’s improving productivity, reducing costs, optimizing resource utilization, or enhancing sustainability, having clear objectives will guide your digitalization efforts.

2. Assess the Needs in Your Farm

Identify the challenges and needs of your farm. What are your difficulties? Determine areas where digital technologies can potentially address these challenges and improve productivity, efficiency, or sustainability. This assessment will help you prioritize which digital solutions to explore and implement.

3. Conduct Research

Explore the digital technologies available in the market that align with your objectives. Research different tools, software, and platforms relevant to your farming practices. Consider factors such as ease of use, compatibility with existing systems, and cost-effectiveness.

4. Educate Yourself

Take the initiative to educate yourself about digital technologies relevant to agriculture. Attend workshops, webinars, and training sessions to learn about the benefits, functionalities, and potential applications of these technologies. Familiarize yourself with basic concepts such as data collection, analysis, and connectivity.

5. Start Small and Scale Up

Begin by adopting basic digital tools that are easy to implement and provide immediate benefits. For example, simple mobile apps can help with record-keeping, scheduling, or weather forecasting. Choose one or two technologies that align with your needs and are relatively easy to implement. These tools are often user-friendly and require minimal investment or technical expertise. Then, gradually expand as you gain experience and confidence. This approach will help mitigate risks and allow you to understand the practical implications and benefits of digitalization.

6. Seek Local Support and Expertise

Reach out to local agricultural extension services, government agencies, and technology providers for guidance and support. They can provide information, resources, and training on digital technologies suitable for your farming operations. Engage with fellow farmers or join farmer groups to share experiences and learn from each other. Collaborating with local experts and farmers will help you gain insights and practical knowledge on digital farming practices.

7. Consider Financial Assistance

Explore funding opportunities and financial assistance programs available for digital technology adoption in agriculture. Governments, development organizations, and private entities often offer grants, subsidies, or low-interest loans to support small farmers in implementing digital solutions. Investigate these options and leverage them to overcome financial barriers.

8. Evaluate Connectivity

Reliable internet connectivity is crucial for digital agriculture. Assess your current connectivity status and explore options to improve it. Engage with local internet service providers or community initiatives to explore connectivity solutions such as mobile networks, satellite internet, or community networks. Choose the most suitable option based on your location and budget.

9. Start with Data Collection

Begin collecting basic data related to your farm, such as weather conditions, soil moisture, or crop growth. This can be done using affordable sensors, weather stations, or manual observations. Collecting data will provide a foundation for future analysis and decision-making.

10. Start with User-Friendly Tools

Choose user-friendly digital tools and platforms that are intuitive and easy to use. Consider technologies that have a low learning curve and provide support resources such as user manuals, tutorials, or customer service. Gradually explore more advanced technologies as you become comfortable with digitalization.

11. Data Management and Privacy

Understand the importance of data management and privacy. Ensure that you are aware of the data being collected and stored by digital technologies. Take necessary measures to protect your data and comply with relevant regulations. Consider data ownership and control when choosing technology providers or platforms.

12. Monitor and Evaluate

Regularly monitor and evaluate the impact of digital technologies on your farming operations. Assess their effectiveness in addressing the identified challenges and meeting your goals. Make adjustments and improvements as necessary to optimize the use of digital tools.

13. Share Knowledge and Experiences

Share your knowledge and experiences with other small farmers in your community. Participate in local events, workshops, or farmer field days to demonstrate the benefits of digital technologies and encourage their adoption. This knowledge-sharing contributes to the collective growth and development of small-scale farming communities.

Remember that the process of digitalization is gradual and requires continuous learning and adaptation. Be open to experimentation, embrace new technologies, and be willing to adapt your farming practices to leverage the full potential of digital agriculture.

AgriSkills Training Course

In this process, our AgriSkills Training Course will help you to gain knowledge faster and your steps to be easier. Five learning modules are prepared for you to guide in your journey to digitalization and sustainability:

  • Module 1            Introduction to the digitalisation in agriculture
  • Module 2            Digital skills for improving the agricultural business
  • Module 3            Managing the agricultural business in the digital economy
  • Module 4            Building economic value chain in agriculture using digital technologies
  • Module 5            Financing the digital transformation of the agricultural business

In October 2023, AgriSkills Training Course will be published in a special e-learning Platform. All modules are available in English, German, Greek, Macedonian and Slovenian languages. Stay tuned with us!

Access the platform, and let the journey begin!


Join us in this transformative educational experience and embrace the opportunities that Digital Agriculture presents. The AgriSkills is not just a course; it’s a community-driven initiative, bringing together individuals passionate about shaping the future of agriculture.

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Cover photo: © Stevanovicigor,

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Education and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA). Neither the European Union nor EACEA can be held responsible for them. 

Project number: 2021-1-DE02-KA220-VET-000034651

All AgriSkills Intellectual Outputs are Open Educational Resources.

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